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Homicides in America - A Population Health Epidemic


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The workshop highlighted examples of community-based organizations using trauma-informed approaches to treat violence and build safe and healthy communities. Presentations showcased examples that can serve as models in different sectors and communities and shared lessons learned.
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2017-01-24

Comprehensive Description of Comorbidity for Autism Spectrum Disorder in a General Population


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ABSTRACT Context: Few published studies of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and comorbidity are population based. Objective: To describe the comorbidity of ASD and disorders listed in the main classes of the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) in a general population. Design: Direct physician billing data for the city of Calgary, Alberta, for the treatment of any presenting concern in the Calgary Health Zone (n = 763,449) from 1994 to 2009 were extracted. Diagnosed ICD-9 disorders (independent variable) were grouped into 17 categories using ICD-9 diagnosis codes. ASD (dependent variable) was classified under ICD-9 Code 299. Individuals with and without independent disorder classes were counted by the presence or absence of any ASD. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals of the association were calculated. Main Outcome Measures: ORs of ASD comorbidities. Results: Annual rates of ASD increased 3.9-fold for males and 1.4-fold for females. Diagnosed disorders ranked by OR in the independent ICD-9 categories indicated that males with ASD had overall higher ORs (> 1.0) in 11 main ICD-9 classes, and females with ASD had higher ORs (> 1.0) in 12 main ICD-9 classes. Males with ASD had lower ORs in 4 main ICD-9 disease classes; females with ASD had lower ORs related only to the main class “complications of pregnancy and childbirth.” Five main ICD-9 classes were not significant for males or females. Conclusions: Patients with ASD have significant comorbidity of physical disorders. This finding may inform other areas of research and assessment in clinical management.
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2016-12-29

Temporal comorbidity of mental disorder and ulcerative colitis


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Objectives: Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease that rarely exists in isolation in affected patients. We examined the association of ulcerative colitis and International Classification of Diseases mental disorder, as well as the temporal comorbidity of three broad International Classification of Diseases groupings of mental disorders in patients with ulcerative colitis to determine if mental disorder is more likely to occur before or after ulcerative colitis.
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2016-12-16

Clinical Diagnosis of Mental Disorders Immediately Before and After Cancer Diagnosis: A Nationwide Matched Cohort Study in Sweden.


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Lu D, Andersson TM, Fall K et al. Clinical Diagnosis of Mental Disorders Immediately Before and After Cancer Diagnosis: A Nationwide Matched Cohort Study in Sweden. JAMA Oncol. 2016; 2: 1188-96. Abstract Importance Psychiatric comorbidities are common among patients with cancer. However, whether or not there is increased risk of mental disorders during the diagnostic workup leading to a cancer diagnosis was unknown. Objective To examine the relative risks of depression, anxiety, substance abuse, somatoform/conversion disorder, and stress reaction/adjustment disorder during the periods before and after cancer diagnosis compared with individuals without cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants Nationwide matched cohort study from January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2010, in a Swedish population and health registers. Main Outcomes and Measures We estimated the time-varying hazard ratios (HRs) of the first clinical diagnosis of the studied mental disorders from 2 years before cancer diagnosis, through the time of diagnosis, and until 10 years after diagnosis, adjusting for age, sex, calendar period, and educational level. To assess milder mental conditions and symptoms, we further assessed the use of related psychiatric medications for patients with cancer diagnosed during 2008-2009. Results The study included 304 118 patients with cancer and 3 041 174 cancer-free individuals who were randomly selected from the Swedish population and individually matched to the patients with cancer on year of birth and sex. The median age at diagnosis for the patients with cancer was 69 years, and 46.9% of the patients were female. The relative rate for all studied mental disorders started to increase from 10 months before cancer diagnosis (HR, 1.1; 95% CI, 1.1-1.2), peaked during the first week after diagnosis (HR, 6.7; 95% CI, 6.1-7.4), and decreased rapidly thereafter but remained elevated 10 years after diagnosis (HR, 1.1; 95% CI, 1.1-1.2). The rate elevation was clear for all main cancers except nonmelanoma skin cancer and was stronger for cancers of poorer prognosis. Compared with cancer-free individuals, increased use of psychiatric medications was noted from 1 month before cancer diagnosis and peaked around 3 months after diagnosis among patients with cancer. Conclusions and Relevance Patients diagnosed as having cancer had increased risks of several common mental disorders from the year before diagnosis. These findings support the existing guidelines of integrating psychological management into cancer care and further call for extended vigilance for multiple mental disorders starting from the time of the cancer diagnostic workup.
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2016-12-16

TRACT Proof of Concept - The Measurable Treatment Plan


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2016-12-08

A Measurable Treatment Plan


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The work was one basis of the TRACT concept: A measurable treatment plan: Using the Children’s Global Assessment and the Problem Severity scales as outcomes of clinical treatment.
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2016-12-08

Open FDA


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Since its launch in June 2014, the impetus for openFDA has been to make it easier to get access to publicly available FDA data. FDA’s goal is to make it simple for an application, mobile device, web developer, or researcher to use data from FDA.
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2016-11-24

Maternal Child Abuse is associated with increased risk of asthma and allergy in their 2-year-old children;


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Maternal History of Childhood Abuse and Risk of Asthma and Allergy in 2-Year-Old Children. Tomfohr-Madsen LM1, Bayrampour H, Tough S. Author information Abstract OBJECTIVES: Exposure to child abuse (CA) is associated with an increased risk of developing asthma and allergies; it is unknown if that risk is present across generations. This study investigated if 2-year-old children born to mothers with a history of CA were at an increased risk of receiving a diagnosis of asthma or allergies. METHODS: Data from 1,551 participants were collected as part of the All Our Babies (AOB) study, a prospective pregnancy cohort. During pregnancy, each woman provided information about her own history of CA, and at 24 months postpartum, she provided information about her child's medical diagnoses. Symptoms of maternal depression and anxiety were assessed during pregnancy and at 24 months postpartum. RESULTS: Unadjusted models showed that compared to children born to mothers without a history of CA, 2-year-old children born to mothers with a history of CA were more likely to have had a diagnosis of asthma (7.4% vs 4.2%, p = .016) or allergy (15.6% vs 9.2%, p < .001). Maternal symptoms of depression assessed in late pregnancy and symptoms of depression and anxiety at 24 months postpartum were significant mediators of the relationship between maternal CA and 2-year-old asthma diagnosis. Maternal symptoms of depression and anxiety assessed in late pregnancy were also significant mediators of the relationship between maternal CA and 2-year-old allergy diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that maternal exposure to CA is associated with increased risk of asthma and allergy in their 2-year-old children; symptoms of maternal depression and anxiety were identified as pathways linking the variables. PMID: 27763990 DOI: 10.1097/PSY.0000000000000419
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2016-11-14

Statistics in the detection of scientific misconduct.


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The paper by Bolland et al.1 in this issue had a longer “gestation” than usual at Neurology®; it was received on December 4, 2015. We usually review on a tight timeline and publish important work quickly. But this manuscript has a different focus as it presents a statistical analysis that demonstrates probable scientific misconduct (fraud) on a large scale.
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2016-11-11

American Academy press release on Scientific misconduct.


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A new study suggests probable scientific misconduct in at least some of 33 bone health trials published in various medical journals.
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2016-11-11

Spill over viruses


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Throughout the last few decades, diseases that spill over from animals to humans have been on the rise. What’s behind their increase, and can we do anything to combat these dangerous foes? Join scientists as they investigate the rise of spillover viruses like Zika, Ebola and Nipah, and learn what science can do to anticipate and prevent epidemics around the world.
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2016-10-31

WHO Global Surge Training


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WHO Global Surge Training: Testing the “new skeleton” of WHO emergency operations
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2016-10-31

WWF report on species decline


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The global population of wild animals has declined 60 per cent since 1970 and is set to drop another seven per cent by 2020 due to human impact on the environment, according to a WWF report.
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2016-10-31

15 MOOCs for Spanish-speaking healthcare providers


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SOS Telemedicina cursos en línea cuenta con el apoyo de profesionales de la medicina, especialistas en diversas áreas de la salud, capacitados para ofrecer información validada científicamente en apoyo al personal de salud y a la comunidad, haciendo énfasis en la embarazada, las madres, los niños y los adolescentes.
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2016-10-25

Action Mental Health


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Best Essential international mental health resources
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2016-10-24